From organic waste stream til feed resource: the role of insects in the bio-economy
Start date: 1. January 2017
End date: 31. December 2019
Financed by: Norwegian Research Council
In cooperation with: Norwegian Institute for Bioeconomy Research, University of Namur, Walloon Agricultural Research Centre, Leiden University Medical Center, Wageningen University and Research Center
The project is lead by: NIFES


Insects are efficient converters of organic waste into valuable protein for the feed industry. Many scientific studies have proven the suitability of insect meal as a high quality protein source in animal feed. This is especially true for fish and poultry, that both prey on insects in their natural environment. This new waste-based insect industry challenges the traditional view of organic waste, by considering it a resource by reducing waste and retaining and upgrading it to valuable nutrients. However, it also creates barriers for insect producing companies, feed manufacturers and regulatory bodies. These form basis for research issues like: hich organic waste streams exists in Norway and which are economically and practically feasible to use in Norwegian insect industry? Which insect species are suitable as waste
converters and which conditions are needed for insect production on different waste streams? If we are feeding waste, will this affect the insect and the safety of the insect products? How are regulatory bodies looking at this new feed resource? How do we secure that marketed insect meal contains only insects and has been fed on suitable organic waste? ENTOFÔR aims to address these issues through it´s consortium of researchers from multiple disciplines (economy, social sciences, entomology, animal nutrition and feed safety) and the industry (organic waste-, insect- and feed industry)by:(1) Suggesting economically viable, legislative and biologically suitable organic waste streams used for insect feed, (2) Building knowledge that may lead to the initiation of a national insect rearing centre, (3) Optimizing
insect processing and develop a quality control system for insects and insect products to anticipate legislative developments in the feed industry.



The main aim of ENTOFÔR is:
To deliver knowledge and tools that policy makers, companies and other stakeholders need to direct and develop a waste-fed insect industry for feed production in Norway.
We have identified 6 secondary aims as important steps in accomplishing our primary aim.

Secondary aims:
1. Identify attractive Norwegian organic waste streams that may be converted by insects to produce raw materials for animal feed
2. Evaluate and establish insect species cultures and methods that are relevant to convert the identified waste streams into feed resources
3. Optimisation of insect protein and lipid for feed
4. Develop methods for detection and tracing of non-legal waste use in the insect production chain
5. Map pesticides and mycotoxins in waste- fed insects
6. Project management, communication with stake holders and dissemination of results

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